Materializing the Philippines: Piña Textiles, Nationalism and Border Zones of Cultural Production

Wednesday, April 23, 2008 - 10:00pm

The sale of handmade objects -- “ethnic or tourist arts” -- has become an important source of income for artisans in many communities in Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. A variety of products speaking of their national or cultural identity, change hands in complex, multistranded commodity chains that ordinarily link artisans from these communities to consumers, often from the upper and middle classes, of the United States, Canada, Europe and parts of the Global South. The trade in such objects ranges from inexpensive, functional souvenirs to a new breed of “high ethnic art” objects. Drawing on the contemporary production of
goods and clothing made from piña (pineapple) cloth, a textile distinctive to the central Philippines, this paper explores the alternative strategies that artisans and designers use to enter this global trade more on their own terms. Artisans may craft a “this plus that” sort of construction -- the “this” of global modernity plus the “that” of timeless indigenous tradition. Scholars and the public often decry such
crossing of aesthetic boundaries as indicative of cultural contamination.

This lecture argues that such cultural graftings, or border zones of production, celebrate negotiated meanings and the ongoing oscillations in objects that make and remake material relations between people, things and national and personal identities. In so doing, the lecture reflects critically on the taken-for-granted categories of “tradition,” “authenticity” and “high or low ethnic art”.

B. Lynne Milgram is Professor of Anthropology in the Faculty of Liberal Studies at Ontario College of Art & Design, Toronto, Canada. Her research on material culture and on gender and development in the Philippines analyzes the cultural politics of social change with regard to fair trade, microfinance and women’s work in crafts, street vending and the secondhand clothing trade (the latter between the Philippines and Hong Kong). This research is published in edited volumes and in journals including Human Organization (2001), Anthropologica (2004), Asian Studies Review (2005) and Urban Anthropology (2005, 2008). She has co-edited (with K. Grimes) Artisans and Cooperatives: Developing Alternative Trade for the Global Economy (2000) and (with R. Hamilton) Material Choices: Refashioning Bast and Leaf Fibers in Asia and the Pacific (2007). Her forthcoming (2008) co-edited book (with K. Browne) is titled Economics and Morality: Anthropological Approaches.

Venue & Address: 
Institute of Advanced Studies; University of Western Australia 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Australia
Email: 
iasuwa@admin.uwa.edu.au
Cost: 
Free

Grant Writing for Graduate Students

Graduate Studies Logo
Tuesday, October 4, 2016 - 1:30pm to 3:00pm

This hands-on workshop givin by Dr. Lynne Milgram, will provide research proposal writing support and context for your upcoming CGS-M (SSHRC, NSERC) and Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) application(s). Please bring draft copies of your proposals to work on in the session.

B. Lynne Milgram is professor of anthropology in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, OCAD University. Her research on gender, development and globalization in the Philippines analyzes the cultural politics of social change with regard to microfinance and to women’s work in crafts and in the secondhand clothing trade between the Philippines and Hong Kong. Her current urban-based research explores issues in formal/informal work, legal/illegal practice, the transformation of urban public space, and market modernization. Lynne has published her work widely in academic edited books and journals and since beginning her PhD studies in 1992, Lynne has had continuous financial assistance from a variety of granting bodies.

Please RSVP here.

Venue & Address: 
Room 514, 5th floor 205 Richmond Street West
Website: 
http://www.ocadu.ca/academics/graduate-studies/current-students/funding.htm
Email: 
abrummell@ocadu.ca
Phone: 
416-977-6000 x4367
Cost: 
free

Lynne Milgram awarded SSHRC Insight Grant

Lynne Milgram
Tuesday, February 2, 2016 - 5:00am

Faculty Member Dr. Lynne Milgram joins Dr. Leonora Angeles (UBC) as a Co-Applicant on the SSHRC Insight-funded project – “CANADA-PHILIPPINES: Alternative Transnational Economies Project” (ATE) – lead by PI Dr. Philip Kelly of York University (Geography). 

The project will engage faculty, graduate students, and community and NGO organizations in both Canada and the Philippines to develop substantive case studies (articles, book chapters, edited volumes, workshops and films) that investigate and analyze transnational alternative (other-than-capital) economic practices.

Professor Milgram's project will investigate two case studies of small-scale entrepeneurship and trade that operate between the Philippines and Canada ­ namely, small-scale, self-employed Filipino-Canadian businesses in Canada and similarly-sized Filipino businesses in Baguio City, the Philippines that maintain transnational linkages. These case studies will be used to investigate initial questions that support the larger project:

  1. What are the alternative economic logics that motivate and define these transnational entrepreneurial activities?
  2. How do power relations based on class, gender, race etc. influence the sustainability and effectiveness of instituting alternative transnational economic and entrepreneurial activities? 
  3. How does state/government policy in Canada and the Philippines affect the extent to which self-employed transnational entrepreneurs can activate and/or combine alternative with mainstream conventional economic activities? 
  4. Are these activities sustainable in the long term or to whatextent may these activities be overpowered by conventional economic practice? 

SSHRC Insight grants recognize research excellence, and provide stable, long-term support for research initiatives that further our collective understanding. The grants enable scholars to address complex issues pertaining to individuals and societies.

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Grant Writing for Graduate Students

Image of the Sharp Centre for Design
Tuesday, October 6, 2015 - 1:30pm to 3:30pm

This workshop will provide information about how to effectively structure the content of your research proposal, and how best to put your case study forward for your upcoming SSHRC (Canadian Graduate Scholarship) and/or Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) application(s). It will be helpful to bring questions specific to your individual proposals along with a draft of your current research proposal.

Facilitator: Dr. Lynne Milgram.

Dr. Lynne Milgram’s research is rooted in anthropology, but lends itself to interdisciplinary collaborations of all kinds. Analyzing the commoditization of crafts, consumption and small-scale entrepreneurial activities in the northern Philippines, Milgram’s doctoral research traced the channels through which women exercise agency in their changing roles in craft production and trade with the advent of global market forces. Subsequently analyzing the socioeconomic and political impacts of microfinance development projects mounted throughout the Philippines, Milgram explored the relationship between the institutional claim to empowerment and the capacity of program structures to generate ‘real’ opportunities for women.
See more below.

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For further details about scholarships and funding please click here: http://www.ocadu.ca/academics/graduate-studies/current-students/funding.htm

Please contact abrummell@ocadu.ca to RSVP and request any of the following services:

Accessibility: Accessibility is important to us. If you require accommodations due to a disability in order to participate fully in this event, please email us so we can make the appropriate arrangement

Remote Access: If you wish to attend this workshop via GoToMeeting please email us and we will circulate the meeting invite link.

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Dr. Lynne Milgram’s Bio (contd.)

Milgram’s ongoing projects examine Philippine women’s engagement in the global trade and consumption of secondhand clothing between the Philippines and Hong Kong and women’s work as street vendors. Both enterprises straddle legal/illegal practice and have emerged as growing arenas of labour given increasing rural-to-urban migration and declines in formal-sector jobs. Milgram’s most current project analyzes the shifting dynamics of urban trade livelihoods based on the sale of fresh produce. Here she highlights that the public market players, men and women, who activate these supply routes operate in a finely-tuned urban trading-scape – one that challenges the hegemony of governments’ framing of such trade approaches as “pre-modern” and inefficient. Milgram demonstrates that the vendors and marketers engaged in the aforementioned trades operationalize multiple work options to simultaneously negotiate their positions as sites of globally competitive economic activity and local struggles over state restructuring. Milgram makes her findings applicable for policy formation by government and non-government organizations seeking to sustain livelihood opportunities for women via a range of appropriate initiatives.

Lynne Milgram has published this research in peer-reviewed scholarly journals and edited volumes. She has guest edited special journal issues: Asian Studies Review (2005), “Edgy Things: Negotiating Borders and Identity in Asian Material Culture,” and City & Society (2014), “Norms, Networks, and Informality in the Urban Global South: Unmapping Regulatory Space.” Milgram has co-edited the following volumes: (with K. M. Grimes, 2000) Artisans and Cooperatives: Developing Alternative Trade for the Global Economy; (with R. Hamilton, 2007) Material Choices: Refashioning Bast and Leaf Fibers in Asia and the Pacific (2007); (with K. E. Browne, 2009) Economics and Morality: Anthropological Approaches; and (with K.T Hansen and W. E. Little, 2013) Street Economies of the Urban Global South. Material Choices won the TSA (Textile Society of America) Book of the Year Award, and Street Economies won the SAW (Society for the Anthropology of Work) Book of the Year Award.

Lynne Migram’s most current SSHRC awards include:

1. SSHRC Institutional Grant, Awarded by OCAD University Faculty Grant. From Market to Market: Filipino-Canadian Entrepreneurs Refashion Transnational Business Landscapes. One-year award from April 1, 2015-March 31, 2016.

2. 2015 SSHRC “Insight Grant,” Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Can-Phils CREATE (Canada-Philippines Collaborative Research on Alternative Transnational Economies). Co-applicant with Dr. Philip Kelly (PI) (York U).
Tenure of Award: 2015-2019.

3. 2012 (ongoing) SSHRC “Insight Research Grant,” Social Sciences and Humanities Research
Council of Canada. Contested Livelihoods: Food Provisioning Systems in Urban Southeast Asia. Principal Investigator. Tendure of Award: 2012-2016.

Lynne Milgram’s earlier SSHRC awards include: 1991-1995 (PhD Fellowship); 1998-2000 (SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellowship); 2000-2003 (SSHRC Standard Research Grant); 2004-2007 (SSHRC Standard Research Grant); 2008-2011 (SSHRC Standard Research Grant.

Venue & Address: 
Room 514, 5th floor, 205 Richmond Street West
Cost: 
Free

Research Seed Grants and industry partnership news

Tuesday, January 20, 2015 - 8:30pm

OCAD University Office of Research is pleased to announce the following grant and award recipients: 

SSHRC Institutional Grants, Fall 2014

  • Robert Diaz, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Unsettling the Canadian Global City: Queer Filipino/as and Diasporic Imaginaries
  • Lynne Milgram, Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, From Market to Market: Filipino-Toronto Entrepreneurs Refashion a Transnational Business Landscape
  • Gabrielle Moser, Lecturer, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Developing Historical Negatives: Picturing Race and Citizenship in the Canadian Photographic Archive

OCAD U Research Seed Grants, Fall 2014

  • Greg Sims, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Design, Products Design for Sustainable 3D Printed Matter
  • Alia Weston, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Activate Enterprise: Business Innovation, and Entrepreneurship Development in a Post-Crisis Economy

CORUS Seed Grants, Fall 2014

  • Kate Hartman, Associate Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Concentration-Activated Wearables
  • Barbara Rauch, Associate Professor, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences, Making Process: A Temporal Aesthetics Surface Investigation

The above grants have a value of $2500.

 

Prof. Judith Doyle’s installation PointCloud is being hosted by Telus Corporation. Prof. Doyle’s project will be installed in the Telus Innovation Centre.

CineFocus, a resident of the Imagination Catalyst (ICAT), was awarded a $10,000 investment by the Imagination Fund.

Twenty One Toys, another ICAT participant, was included in the roundup of Best Kid’s Design of 2014 by FastCoDesign.

B. Lynne Milgram wins SAW Book Award from the Society for the Anthropology of Work

Friday, August 22, 2014 - 2:45pm

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences Professor B. Lynne Milgram has been awarded the 2014 SAW Book Award from the Society for the Anthropology of Work for her co-edited book, Street Economies in the Urban Global South (2013. Karen Tranberg Hansen, Walter E. Little, B. Lynne Milgram, editors. Sante Fe, NM: School of Advanced Research Press).

The award is especially prestigious as edited volumes are adjudicated only once every three years.

Street Economies in the Urban Global South focuses on the economic, political, social, and cultural dynamics of street economies across the urban Global South. Although contestations over public space have a long history, the book presents the argument that the recent conjuncture of neoliberal economic policies and unprecedented urban growth in the Global South has changed the equation. The detailed ethnographic accounts from postsocialist Vietnam to a struggling democracy in the Philippines, from the former command economies in Africa to previously authoritarian regimes in Latin America, focus on the experiences of often marginalized street workers who describe their projects and plans. The contributors to Street Economies in the Urban Global South highlight individual and collective resistance by street vendors to overcome numerous processes that exacerbate the marginality and disempowerment of street economy work.

Dr. Milgram will officially receive her award at a ceremony in Washington, D.C. at the Society for the Anthropology of Work business meeting in December.

B. Lynne Milgram wins SAW Book Award from the Society for the Anthropology of Work

Friday, August 22, 2014 - 4:00am

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Sciences Professor B. Lynne Milgram has been awarded the 2014 SAW Book Award from the Society for the Anthropology of Work for her co-edited book, Street Economies in the Urban Global South.

The award is especially prestigious as edited volumes are adjudicated only once every three years.

Street Economies in the Urban Global South focuses on the economic, political, social, and cultural dynamics of street economies across the urban Global South. Although contestations over public space have a long history, the book presents the argument that the recent conjuncture of neoliberal economic policies and unprecedented urban growth in the Global South has changed the equation. The detailed ethnographic accounts from postsocialist Vietnam to a struggling democracy in the Philippines, from the former command economies in Africa to previously authoritarian regimes in Latin America, focus on the experiences of often marginalized street workers who describe their projects and plans. The contributors to Street Economies in the Urban Global South highlight individual and collective resistance by street vendors to overcome numerous processes that exacerbate the marginality and disempowerment of street economy work.

Dr. Milgram will officially receive her award at a ceremony in Washington, D.C. at the Society for the Anthropology of Work business meeting in December.

Grant Writing Workshop for Graduate Students

Tuesday, October 22, 2013 - 1:30pm

Grant Writing Workshop for Graduate Students with Dr. Lynne Milgram

We encourage all students applying for SSHRC and OGS Awards to attend. Dr. Milgram has requested that all students bring with them a written Draft of their Research Proposal as this will be an interactive writing workshop.

Dr. Lynne Milgram is a professor of anthropology, liberal arts and sciences, here at OCAD U. Her research on gender development and globalization in the Philippines analyzes the cultural politics of social change in women’s informal sector work. She has been the ongoing recipient of SSHRC support through grants since undertaking her graduate study.

 

www.ocadu.ca/graduate-studies/information-for-students/scholarships-and-funding.htm

 

 

Free

Venue & Address: 
7310, 3rd floor 205 Richmond Street West Toronto, Ontario