"Tussle", published article about Rae Johnson's recent solo exhibition titled "Interiors" Nov 28 - Dec 31- at Christopher Cutts Gallery in Toronto. Article below:
She paints it personal, she’s Rae Johnson
by Miklos Legrady, February 6th, 2016
I'm looking at an anonymous daguerreotype from 1858 of a carefully composed picture of the city of Paris - except for that horse's head intruding from frame left. In classical painting the use of composition normally eliminates such distractions by directing our gaze and how we read the image, without our knowing we're being led. That is the “art” in visual art. Photography was different from the start, photographs at first being a rare magic. As with all novelty the unexpected was often awesome rather than quizzical, like this horse photobombing your landscape. Encroaching means the personal made public, which is what Rae Johnson does in her work by injecting what appears to be our personal remembrances into her paintings, her work hinting at secrets and hushed memories. The personal is unexpected and the impersonal is political.
At first glance these paintings don't seem unexpected, more like sophisticated drawing writ large. You wonder if Rae Johnson is just whipping that dead horse. Isn't beauty passé, so five minutes ago? Duchamp did say good taste is the enemy of art so logically bad taste should be our friend. Duchamp also said he wanted to kill art, discard the ocular, make it intellectual. Art is senseless if lacking sensation, tasteless for lack of taste. But in the 1970s Abraham Moles and Frieder Nake analyzed links between beauty, information processing, and information theory. (1) Physicist Paul Dirac is quoted saying “if one is working from the point of view of getting beauty in one's equations, and if one has really a sound insight, one is on a sure line of progress”.(2) Denis Dutton was a philosophy professor and the editor of Arts & Letters Daily. In his book The Art Instinct, he suggested that humans are hard-wired to seek beauty. “There is evidence that perceptions of beauty are evolutionarily determined, that things, aspects of people and landscapes considered beautiful are typically found in situations likely to give enhanced survival of the perceiving human's genes.” (3)
In Against Interpretation, a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1961, we’re informed that sensations and perceptions retain their primacy. Sontag writes that we live "in a culture whose already classical dilemma is the hypertrophy of the intellect at the expense of energy and sensual capability…” (4) that she called the revenge of the intellectual on the creative artist. Thirty years later Robert Storr, then curator of MOMA, spoke of how, during the 1960s, art moved from the Cedar Tavern to the seminar room. Storr said it was a transformation that created a class of critics and artists, a class that lost all sight of the viewer and created a cult of difficulty based on jargon -– the words used like pieces in an erector set to reference their own theories to other theories, - with art works to illustrate those theories alongside.(5) Art shifted to the intellectual sphere because we find it so much more satisfying to struggle with something real, something we already understand, rather than face the unknown and create new understanding. To stick with an intellectual approach is but procrastination, it is uninspired and therefore Johnson plunges in, she paints.
In an interview discussing her work Johnson said, "we better get used to the fact that painting occupies a position all by itself, you can't get rid of it or deprecate it, it's unique." For 130 years we’ve heard of painting’s demise but currently we’re witnessing such a profusion of figurative painting including this exhibition as to put a “death of painting” argument back in the grave. Johnson has always turned the world into a narrative. She paints it like she’s drawing, in a handful of brush strokes. This current body of work includes powerful large paintings in colour but I'm fascinated with the monochromes. These are square black- and -white graphite on canvas, like large charcoal drawings, youthful sketches by a sophisticated painter. Scenes of local bars, nightlife, dancing, with an itch of haunting memories. The work promotes self-identification by mirroring our lives and the people we know, presented as chess pieces on a stage of memories. Johnson tells us she smudges people’s features. “I blurred when faces appeared, made them generic. So they will be more real to the viewer. If I gave them features it would detract”. The impersonality of locale and the blurred figures are occasions for projection, for reading our own stories in the general pattern. The impersonal is political.
Johnson’s recent paintings are like notations in a journal.… A memory of how going for a drink, waiting for a friend, at the Cameron or the Gladstone or your local oasis. Even as we think these are familiar clubs and bars Johnson said the sources are autonomous, pictures found on Google. Yet these images look both familiar and documentary, which tells us something about painting as a medium and Rae Johnson as artist. They always said Johnson had a Munchian vibe. Rae’s paintings are not blatantly political. They will not feed hungry Syrians nor do they berate Monsanto and capitalism, her images are neither didactic nor subscribe to overt social change. Yet these images are beautiful and haunting and certainly needed. Long after conceptual works lose their train of thought the paintings will grow on you. Rae Johnson’s canvasses are full of visual gestures and they are lovely, the brushstrokes embed a body language directed by the subconscious mind into a set of compressed codes. These brushstrokes aesthetics can be compared to algorithms that are decoded deep within the viewer while consciously we feel a sense of fascination. In the fine art aesthetic elements may be seen as compressed information we decode subliminally or on a semiconscious level. Aesthetics contain shades of meaning experienced as feelings and sensations, which have as much content as any intellectual statement. Beauty is then a depth of complexity harmonized to simplicity… surely not something to ignore.
1- A. Moles: Théorie de l'information et perception esthétique, Paris, Denoël, 1973
Nake (1974). Ästhetik als Informationsverarbeitung. (Aesthetics as information
processing). Grundlagen und Anwendungen der Informatik im Bereich ästhetischer
Produktion und Kritik. Springer, 1974, ISBN 3-211-81216-4, ISBN 978-3-211-81216-7
2- Paul Dirac, The Evolution of the Physicist's Picture of Nature (May 1963), Scientific
3- Dennis Dutton, The Art Instinct, A Darwinian theory of Beauty, TED Talk 2010
4- Susan Sontag, Against Interpretation and Other Essays, (New York: Farrar, Straus and
5- Stuart Servetar, The Inspeak of the Overlords, New York Press, May 29-June 4, 1996